Jig & Fixtures Design
What Is Jig & Fixture Design?
Jigs and fixtures are manufacturing equipment used to produce identical and interchangeable components. These workholding and tool guiding devices are designed for use in machining and assembling parts.
To get the most out of jigs and fixtures, a basic understanding of their construction is essential. Jigs and fixtures are identified in one of two ways: either by the machine by which they are identified or by their original construction. For example, a jig may be called a “drill jig”. But if it is made from a flat plate, it may also be called a “plate jig”. Similarly, mill fixtures made from angle plates may also be referred to as “angle-plate fixtures”. The best place to start a discussion of jig and fixture manufacturing is with all the workholders, which are the main element of the tool body.
Advantages of Jigs and Fixtures
In manufacturing operations, it is important to meet the high demands of customers. This means producing quality products as rapidly and efficiently as possible. Jigs and fixtures help to make manufacturing processes more efficient and precise.
By using jigs and fixtures in machining processes, manufacturers benefit from:
- Increased production
- Manufacturing cost reduction
- Better product stability
- Better assembly line safety
- Reduction in non-productive hours
- Proper automation capability
- Interchangeability and accuracy
Jigs vs. Fixtures: What's the Difference?
While jigs and fixtures work together, they are two different tools used in mass production processes. The two words are often used incorrectly as synonyms but serve different purposes.
A jig controls and directs a cutting tool to work at a predetermined location on a workpiece. Fixtures are used to support and locate the workpiece. Fixtures do not guide the tool on the workpiece like a jig.
Jigs are generally lighter than fixtures, which require additional force to stand up to the cutting force and vibration. While fixtures require clamping and accessories, a jig can be mounted or mounted on a table, depending on the application.